Macroeconomic Analysis and Graphical Interpretation of Azerbaijan Economy in 1991-2012


The aim of this research is to analyze macroeconomic performance and discuss transition indicators in Azerbaijan economy for 1991-2012. After regaining independence in 1991, Azerbaijan implemented economic transition process toward market economy. In the first years of independence, serious economic recession was observed. However, after 1995, the restructuring of the economy started. In this sense, signing the \ Contract of the Century\ was a turning point toward oil based high speed economic growth or oil boom period. Thus, by opening \ Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan\ pipeline in 2005, Azerbaijan\ s macroeconomic indicators experienced considerable growth for the following years. On the other hand, Azerbaijan officially declared the end of economic transition process in its economy in 2009. In this paper, the authors discuss the political-economic and economic process in the whole period as well as analyze the macroeconomic performance with and without oil & gas contribution. In addition, the authors question what would happen if economic transition period ended in Azerbaijan\ s economy. It is concluded that oil & gas production has a serious impact over macroeconomic indicators and transition indicators, and for Azerbaijan it implies only a partly end of economic transition, though not completely.


Azerbaijan economy, macroeconomic analysis, oil and gas, economic transition